//Achievement and Social Support among Indonesian Students

Achievement and Social Support among Indonesian Students

Muhamad Taqiyudin1, Sri Kurnianingsih1, Kwartarini1, Uichol Kim2 Faculty of Psychology, Gadjah Mada University

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the resources of students to make their achievements. The study participants are 1079 students (248 Junior high school students, 441 Senior high school students, 295 undergraduates, and 95 graduate students). The respondents were 1027 students consisting of 344 males and 683 females. The study used an open-ended questionnaire on achievement, respondents were asked about a person who supports their achievement. The data was categorized into broad themes and analyzed using an indigenous psychology approach. Results show the following groups of people giving signi cant support to their success, parents (57%), family except parents (21%), friend (11%), and teacher (5%). Looking further into each of level education, there is a different percentage about support from parents between junior high student (63%), senior high student (57%), undergraduate (58%), and graduate (43%) students. Whereas family support except parents totaled 40% by graduate students, 21% was accounted for senior high students, 19% for junior high students and 16% for undergraduates. Friends as a third source of support for successful achievement for Indonesian students was 16% for undergraduate students, 12% for graduate students, 10% for senior high school students, and 7 % for junior high school students. Whereas teachers support was received by junior high school students, senior high school students, undergraduates 6%, and for graduate students only 1%. Based on sex, parents support was given to 62% female and 49% male students. Support from friends was answered by 15% male students and 9% female students. Support from family except parents 21% was received by female and 20% received by male students. Teachers support was received by 6% of male students and 5% of female students.

Keywords: achievement, student, social support, indigenous psychology.

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